When Weather Sealed Cameras Matter


Cold Cargo – Salt Lake City, UT – Fujifilm X-T1

I’ve always felt that, for me, a weather sealed camera isn’t essential. It’s certainly a nice feature, but not something I just have to have. Cameras that aren’t weather sealed can handle the elements to an extent, and oftentimes there are easy steps to mitigate the weather conditions (such as an umbrella), so I haven’t found it to be a limiting factor to my photography. Yet, there have been times that having a weather sealed camera has allowed me to “get the shot” when I might not have otherwise.

Fujifilm has a few cameras with weather sealing. The X-T0, X-Pro, and X-H series are all weather sealed, while the X-T00, X-T000, X-A, X-M, XF, X-E, X100, and X00 series (am I missing any?) are not. I’ve owned a few of these non-weather-sealed cameras, and I’ve used them with success in conditions that might warrant weather sealing. Take a look at the pictures below:


Monte Cristo Mountain Snow – Monte Cristo Mountains, UT – Fujifilm X-E1


Out In The Cold – Cedar City, UT – Fujifilm X-T30


Umbrella Overpass – Edmonds, WA – Fujifilm X100F


Dust In The Wind – Bonneville Salt Flats, UT – Fujifilm X-E1

The photographs above were all captured in conditions where a weather sealed camera would have been nice, but I got along just fine without it. The X-E1, X100F and X-T30, which are the cameras that I used for those pictures, are not weather sealed; despite that, I was able to get the picture that I wanted. I didn’t allow it limit my photography.

A weather sealed camera allows you to photograph with confidence in more extreme conditions, such as cold, rain, snow and dust. While non-weather-sealed cameras might get the job done, a weather sealed camera definitely will. Each time that I pushed the envelope on what my camera was designed to handle, it worked fine, but I worried about it. I hoped that I wasn’t ruining an expensive photographic tool.

There was one situation where I know that if I hadn’t used a weather sealed camera, I would have ruined the camera, or at least would have had to have it serviced. More likely, I wouldn’t have photographed at all, knowing that the camera couldn’t handle it, and I would have missed some great pictures. But I did have a weather sealed camera, and I have the shots that I wanted. Those pictures, which were captured on a windy day at Great Sand Dunes National Park in Colorado using an X-Pro2, are below:


From Dust To Dust – Great Sand Dunes NP, CO – Fujifilm X-Pro2


Sandal – Great Sand Dunes NP, CO – Fujifilm X-Pro2


Passerby – Great Sand Dunes NP, CO – Fujifilm X-Pro2

The conclusion is this: you don’t need a weather sealed camera until you do. Almost always your non-weather-sealed camera will suffice, especially if you take action to mitigate the conditions, but occasionally you might run into a situation where you really do need weather sealed gear. In those circumstances, you’ll either get the shot because of your camera, you’ll get the shot in spite of your camera (and you might find yourself in the market for a new one), or you won’t get the shot because of your camera. I do think those situations are rare for most people, and whether or not you have weather sealed gear is unimportant for most, but it’s sure nice to have it when you need it.

Guest Post: Japan Street Photography by Michael Lynn

Photo by Michael Lynn

My name is Michael Lynn and I live in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The only camera I use is my Fujifilm X100F, which I love! It makes street and travel photography more interesting. I prefer RAW because that’s how I learned. I shoot mostly with an aperture of f/8 or f/11, with the shutter usually 1/125 or faster, and the ISO set manually. I never use a flash.

About a month ago I had the opportunity to travel to Japan. I visited Tokyo and Kyoto, which is where I captured these photographs. To see more, please visit my website.

Photo by Michael Lynn

Photo by Michael Lynn

Photo by Michael Lynn

Phot by Michael Lynn

Thank you, Michael, for sharing!

My Fujifilm X100F Ilford HP5 Plus Film Simulation Recipe


Back when I shot lots of film, my favorite black-and-white options were Ilford Delta 100, and Ilford Delta 400 when “high ISO” was necessary, as back then I considered ISO 400 to be high ISO. I didn’t use Ilford HP5 Plus very often, but I have used it on several occasions. I still have a few rolls of the film lying around, which I should go out and use just for the fun of it. The differences between Delta 400 and HP5 Plus aren’t huge. Delta 400 uses tabular-grain, which is supposed to be a finer grain that produces sharper images, but I think in real-world use it’s not really noticeable. Delta 400 has a hair more contrast than HP5 Plus and in my opinion is a bit better for push-processing, but HP5 Plus seems to have more exposure latitude, making it more forgiving if you didn’t get the exposure quite right. Overall the two films produce very similar results.

I’ve been asked a number of times to make an Ilford HP5 Plus film simulation recipe for Fujifilm X-Trans III cameras. The title of this article says “Fujifilm X100F” but these settings can be used on any X-Trans III or IV camera. In fact, you’ll find a few Fujifilm X-T20 examples at the bottom. I already have a number of different black-and-white film simulation recipes that I like, so I didn’t really need to make a new one, but I enjoyed doing this and I’m pleased with how it turned out.

A few days ago I was asked if my Agfa Scala recipe is a close match to HP5 Plus, and as I thought about it I realized that it’s not all that far off, and only some small changes would be necessary to get it right. Of course, any time that you attempt to mimic a certain film the problem is that the film can vary in look. How was it shot? Developed? Printed? Scanned? There isn’t necessarily one aesthetic that’s right because there are so many variables. Still, I feel like this is recipe is in fact pretty close to Ilford HP5 Plus film.

I captured the photograph below, Airport Lobby, using a Canon AE-1 about 20 years ago using Ilford Delta 100 film. I printed it on Agfa Classic paper using a split-filter technique and toned it with sepia (just barely). This is a (rather poor) scan of the print. I included it in this article for the heck of it, as it doesn’t really have much to do with this film simulation recipe. My experience with Ilford films goes back pretty far, and perhaps that’s the point of including the picture with this article.


Airport Lobby – McKinney, TX – Ilford Delta 100 printed on Agfa Classic paper.

You could modify this recipe to shadows +3 if you need more contrast or shadows +1 if you needed less, or highlights to +3 if you need to prevent clipped highlights. If you feel as though the recipe needs some changes to best capture an image, don’t be afraid to make those adjustments. I don’t always stick rigidly to my recipes, and I’m not afraid to adjust them when needed. The example photographs in this article are all the exact recipe, but with some other pictures (that I didn’t include) I made some modifications to the settings because the scene required it. A few of the pictures here might have been better off with a modification to the shadow or highlight, but I wanted to demonstrate the aesthetic of this recipe as is.

Acros (Acros+Y, Acros+R, Acros+G)
Dynamic Range: DR200
Highlight: +4
Shadow: +2
Noise Reduction: -3
Sharpening: 0
Grain Effect: Strong
ISO: Auto up to ISO 6400
Exposure Compensation: 0 (typically)

Example photos, all camera-made JPEGs captured using my Fujifilm X100F Ilford HP5 Plus Film Simulation recipe:


Grey Salt Lake – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Kids On The Salt Lake Shore – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Hurry Up & Wait – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Downtown Workday – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Monochrome Caution – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Window Pentax – South Weber, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Tunnel Chevy – Zion NP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Virgin River From Canyon Jct Bridge – Zion NP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Monochrome Vista In Zion – Zion NP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Zion Juniper – Zion NP, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Rock & Trees – Zion NP, UT – Fuji X100F “Ilford HP5 Plus”

Fujifilm X-T20:


Frozen Leaf & Grass – South Weber, UT – Fujifilm X-T20 “Ilford HP5 Plus”


The Last Leaf – South Weber, UT – Fujifilm X-T20 “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Morning Clouds Around The Mountain – South Weber, UT – Fujifilm X-T20 “Ilford HP5 Plus”


Grey Sky Over Antelope Island – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X-T20 “Ilford HP5 Plus”

Fujifilm X100F Review Blog

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Fujifilm X100F in Brown Now Available


Fujifilm ended production of the black and silver-and-black versions of the X100F earlier this year, although there appears to be plenty of stock available. A couple of months ago in some parts of the world Fujifilm made a limited-run brown X100F, which apparently sold like hotcakes. They had previously said that the brown X100F would not be made available in North America, but, because sales have been so good, Fujifilm had a change of heart and beginning today they have made the brown X100F available in the USA and Canada. Yea!

I really want one! I have a silver-and-black X100F that I love, but the brown one looks particularly beautiful. I think it looks better than the brown X-E3, for whatever reason. It’s very tempting, but I don’t have gobs of cash to spend on cameras, and especially not right before Christmas, so if I do end up someday with a brown X100F it will be sometime down the road, perhaps in 2019 if things go well.

As a side note while I’m talking about the X100F, I do believe, although I have absolutely no inside information, that Fujifilm is working on the next X100 camera, perhaps called X100V or X200 or something along those lines. I think it will be announced within the next six months and will include an X-Trans IV sensor. I want to make it clear that I don’t have any proof of this, that I’m 100% speculating. It’s just a guess. If you’ve been waiting for the next model, I don’t believe you’ll be waiting all that much longer for some news.

Photoessay: Antelope Island State Park Buffalo Corral


Buffalo Corral – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F

Antelope Island is the largest island in the Great Salt Lake. It’s home to about 700 wild buffalo. Every year Antelope Island State Park rounds up the buffalo herd so that they can be counted, examined, and vaccinated. This event, which is open to the public, happens every autumn and takes place over a seven day period.

I had the opportunity to photograph a portion of this year’s buffalo roundup, which I was very excited about. I missed the actual roundup, where a bunch of cowboys on horseback traverse the island to guide the bison to the corral, but I did get to witness the second phase, where the animals are seen one at a time by a veterinarian. This operation takes a team of about 40 people several days to complete. It’s fascinating to watch, but it’s also a slow process and there is a lot of downtime where very little is happening.

I used my Fujifilm X100F to capture these photographs, which are all unedited camera-made JPEGs. For the camera settings I used the [Not] My Fujifilm X-Pro2 Tri-X Cross Process Film Simulation Recipe, utilizing the X100F’s built-in neutral density filter so that I could use high ISOs even in bright midday light. I took a photojournalist approach, and I think these settings worked particularly well for it. I’m pleased with how this series turned out and I hope that you enjoy the pictures!


White Rock Bay – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Park Patrol – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Time To Watch Buffalo – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Waiting For A Buffalo – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Buffalo Corral Workers – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Buffalo Head – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Cautious Buffalo – Antelope Island, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Running Bison Calf – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Roundup Downtime – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Rope On The Gate – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Leather Gloves – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


A Buffalo – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Workers Waiting – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Between Buffalo – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


On The Fence – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Utah Cowboys – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Park Ranger – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Bison Barriers – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


From The Holding Pen – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Mother & Calf – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Buffalo Track – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Three Bison – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Tractor Ride – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


State Park Workday – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujfilm X100F


Circular Gate Operator – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Rope Preparation  – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Bison Spying – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Rope Pull – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Pulling Hard – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Rope Runner – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Waiting Games – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Waiting Buffalo – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Bison Skull – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Island Shore View – Antelope Island SP, UT – Fujifilm X100F

Tri-X Push Process On The Fujifilm X100F

I have been using the [Not] My Fujifilm X-Pro2 Tri-X Push Process Film Simulation Recipe on my Fujifilm X100F, and I realized that the X100F is actually a better camera to use these settings on. Why? I will explain that in just a moment.

The Tri-X Push Process recipe is my favorite black and white option. It creates stunning results that are so film-like that you could easily convince people that it is film you used and not digital capture. The “problem” with it is that it requires a high ISO, the higher the better, in fact. It looks best at ISO 12800, which is a practical setting for dark situations but not for anything else. The recipe can’t be used all of the time because often it’s just too bright to use an ultra-high ISO.

Bumble Bee – Kaysville, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Tri-X Push Process”

The Fujifilm X100F has a 3-stop neutral density filter built in. That means on the X100F the Tri-X Push Process recipe can be used anytime if you activate the neutral density filter in bright light situations. This is one reason, albeit an unexpected reason, why the X100F is such a great camera!

I do find it funny that I’m using the neutral density filter to increase the ISO. I doubt anyone at Fujifilm expected that to be a use of this feature. It was intended to allow a slower shutter speed or a wider aperture. I’m using it for an unorthodox reason. It’s a great feature on the camera that is often overlooked.

Salt Lake City Street Photography with Fujifilm X100F & XF10


Salt Lake City Workday – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F

I had an adventure in Salt Lake City a couple of days ago. My family and I rode the FrontRunner commuter train into the city and then hopped on the TRAX light rail train to traverse downtown. I captured it all on my Fujifilm X100F and XF10 cameras. These two cameras are both great for this type of trip because they’re small and lightweight and yet are capable of fantastic image quality.

Street photography is something that I enjoy, but it’s only been over the last few years that I’ve really gotten into it. Urban landscape photography is something that I’ve done off and on for two decades. While they are two different genres, they’re very closely related and it’s not uncommon to do both simultaneously, which is what you see in this article. If time allowed I’d certainly find myself wandering urban areas more, camera in hand.

Downtown Salt Lake City is one of the nicer urban centers in America. It’s clean, safe, pedestrian friendly and full of shopping, dining, entertainment and educational opportunities. It’s a great place to spend a day! It’s a great place to walk around with a camera or two, capturing the urban life and urban sights. It seems that I always come away with at least a couple of great images. There are a few photographs in this article that I’m particularly happy with. I hope that you enjoy them! Oh, and be sure to check out the video at the end.



Upside-Down Frown – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Urbanhood – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Boarding Anonymous – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


White Shirt Train Riders – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Blue Line – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Joy Rider – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Uncompromising Photographer – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Library Basement Stairs – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Library Interior From Basement – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Bike By The Fountain – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Staircase Down – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Curve Down – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Salt Lake Urbanscape – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Light On The Floor – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F



M12 M2 – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Light Rail Curve – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


That I Can’t? – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Sisters On A Train – SLC, UT – X100F


Coming & Going Passengers – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Stop, Look & Listen – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Where The Train Bends – Fujifilm X100F


Overhead Wire – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Green To The Airport – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Evening Commuter Train – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


Autumn Downtown – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Autumn At City-County Building – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Caution – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Look Both Ways – Salt Lake City, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Dressed In Red – SLC, UT – Fujifilm X100F


Passerby Strangers – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10


FrontRunner Station – SLC, UT – Fujifilm XF10

I’m not a video guy, but I wanted to try out the video features of the XF10, so I recorded some footage and made a short video of this adventure:

Fuji X Weekly Merchandise Coming Soon – First Sneak Peek!

I’ve been working on some Fujifilm inspired products to make available for sale. The profits will be used to improve the Fuji X Weekly experience. It’s not yet ready to make public, but it’s getting closer, and it will definitely be up and running prior to the Christmas shopping season.

I ordered an item for myself: an iPhone 7 Plus cellphone case. I needed it, as my old case was falling apart. It arrived today in the mail, and it looks great! I’m really pleased with how it turned out. This is one of many items that will be available for purchase soon.

The camera on the case you might recognize as the Fujifilm X100F. It’s such a beautiful camera, one of the most beautiful cameras ever made, so obviously it looks great printed on other things, such as phone cases and shirts. This is just one of many designs that will be found in the Fuji X Weekly store.

As soon as everything is ready to go you will see a special announcement posted on this blog. I hope that you are excited as I am! I know that I will be purchasing several things for myself. This cellphone case is just the beginning.

My Fujifilm X100F Cross Process Film Simulation Recipe


Silos – Waco, TX – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”

Cross processing film is a technique where you develop a film in chemicals intended for another film. For example, the most common cross process is to develop color transparencies, which require the E-6 process, using color negative film chemicals, which is known as the C-41 process. For slide film, the photographs typically increase in contrast and grain and the colors shift dramatically. There are other types of cross processing, as well. I’ve done cross processing before, and the results can be fun. It’s a great experiment if you’ve never done it before!

Different films will look different when they are cross processed. Overexposing or underexposing or even how the development is handled can effect how the image is rendered. The aesthetic can vary significantly, but usually you can spot a cross processed photograph when you see it. Below are a few examples of actual film that I’ve cross processed:


Westbound CA HWY 58 – Tehachapi, CA – Fujifilm Velvia 50 cross process


Flare & Flag – Barstow, CA – Fujifilm Velvia 50 cross process


Old Tractor – Tehachapi, CA – Kodak Gold 400 cross process

Notice how the three photographs are quite a bit different from each other. There is not a singular look that is cross process, but rather an aesthetic spectrum. The images tend to be less literal and more abstract.

There is a significant challenge in developing a film simulation that mimics the look of cross processing. Most notably, which film and process? There are so many, and besides, one film can give many different looks. For example, the two Velvia images above were from the same 36 exposure roll of film, and one has a much more pronounced yellow-green cast than the other. What I decided to do was create something that could conceivably fall within the aesthetic spectrum, while not copying any specific film.

While this film simulation recipe does not copy one specific film, I do think it’s close to Kodak EliteChrome that’s been cross processed, or perhaps Ektachrome 100G. I think it’s close to Fujifilm Sensia sometimes, although I’d emphasis the word sometimes. These settings are never going to produce results that will always match a certain film because one film can vary in look from frame-to-frame. It’s convincing, but should be thought of in generic terms.


Truck Stop Cross Process – Bowie, TX – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”

Because the results of actual cross process film can vary so much, it would be fun to change up this recipe as you shoot. Maybe add a little more to the shadows or highlights sometimes and change the white balance shift a little after a few frames. I haven’t tried this, but it sounds like a good idea. I did change the Dynamic Range setting a number of times, going between DR100, DR200 and DR-Auto. After some playing around I settled on DR200, although I think you’d be fine with whichever Dynamic Range setting you’d prefer.

Dynamic Range: DR200
Highlight: +2
Shadow: +3
Color: +4
Noise Reduction: -3
Sharpening: 0
Grain Effect: Strong
White Balance: Auto, -3 Red & -8 Blue
ISO: Auto up to ISO 6400
Exposure Compensation: +2/3 (typically)

Example photos, all camera-made JPEGs using my Fujifilm X100F Cross Process Film Simulation recipe:


Taos Umbrella – Taos, NM – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Pentax Shutter Dial – South Weber, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Get 1 Back – Draper, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Umbrella Tie – Layton, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Covered Hoppers – Westlake, TX – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Counters – McKinney, Texas – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Kitchen Cross Process – Waco, TX – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Speaker – Riverdale, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Grain Elevator – Kaysville, UT – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”


Two Towers Cross Process – Dallas, TX – Fujifilm X100F “Cross Process”

Photoessay: Along The Highway, Part 7: Wyoming


Highway Colonel – Rock Springs, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80

Colorado  New Mexico  West Texas  East Texas  Oklahoma (Color)  Oklahoma (B&W)

The final leg of our journey, which also marks the end of this series, took us through the lonely state of Wyoming. Towns are few and far between. It’s a very rural place. Antelope outnumber the people. The main purpose of the small communities situated along Interstate 80 seems to be serving highway travelers.

Wyoming is beautiful, especially the northwest corner. We didn’t travel to the northwest corner, but even the empty southern side of the state has some sites worth seeing. There are mountain passes and grasslands and rivers. Spotted here and there are patches of unique natural artistry. We passed through much of it without stopping.

Because the journey itself can be more important than where the road leads, the destination isn’t as critical as the decision to go. On this road trip I saw and experienced many great places, met some wonderful people, and, of course, captured many memorable photographs. I hope to do this again real soon.


Small Pet Area – Fort Bridger, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80


Lowering Sun On A Travel Day – Fort Bridger, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80


A Trucker’s Life Is Lonely – Fort Bridger, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80


Text Await – Fort Bridger, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80


Waving Above The Structure – Fort Bridger, WY – Fujifilm X100F – I-80